Rule 3 / Periods, Time Factorsand Substitutions
under the jurisdiction of home management, and a prompt start of each half
PENALTY—10 yards from the succeeding spot [S21].
The referee may waive the penalty for circumstances beyond the
control of the home management.)
Illegal Delay of the Game
ARTICLE 2. a. The officials shall make the ball ready for play consistently
throughout the game. The play clock will start its count-down from either 30
seconds or 25 seconds, by rule depending on circumstances. A foul for illegal
delay occurs if the play clock is at :00 before the ball is put in play (Rule 3-2-4).
b. Illegal delay also includes:
Deliberately advancing the ball after it is dead.
When a team has expended its three timeouts and commits a Rule 1-4-8,
e or 9-2-2-d infraction.
When a team is not ready to play after an intermission between periods
other than the half), after a score, after a radio/television/team timeout
or anytime the referee orders the ball put in play (A.R. 3-4-2-I).
Defensive verbal tactics that disconcert offensive signals (Rule 7-1-5-a-
Defensive actions designed to cause a false start (Rule 7-1-5-a-4).
Putting the ball in play before it is ready for play (Rule 4-1-4).
Sideline interference (Rule 9-2-5).
Action clearly designed to delay the officials from making the ball ready
for play (A.R. 3-4-2-II).
PENALTY—Dead-ball foul. Five yards from the succeeding spot [S7 and
Unfair Clock Tactics
ARTICLE 3. The referee shall order the game clock or play clock started or
stopped whenever either team conserves or consumes playing time by tactics
obviously unfair. This includes starting the game clock on the snap if the foul is
by the team ahead in the score. The game clock will start on the ready-for-play
signal after TeamA throws an illegal forward or backward pass to conserve time
Rule 3-3-2-e-14) (A.R. 3-4-3-I-V).
Second Subtraction from Game Clock
ARTICLE 4. a. With the game clock running and less than one minute
remaining in either half, if a player of either team commits a foul that causes
the clock to stop, the officials may subtract 10 seconds from the game clock at
the option of the offended team. The fouls that fall in this category include but
are not limited to:
Any foul that prevents the snap (e.g., false start, encroachment, defensive
offside by contact in the neutral zone, etc.);
Intentional grounding to stop the clock;
Incomplete illegal forward pass;